Just as your child is unique, each case is unique. The Charlotte courts will look at all factors to decide what is in the best interests of the children. It is the legal determination, either by agreement of the parents or by order of the court, for where and how minor children will be raised. If the parties are not able to reach a settlement, the issue of child custody will be heard by one of our Family Court Judges, who will determine and decide child custody in Charlotte.
To that end, almost any topic can be relevant to determine child custody, including:
- All information about both parents and their homes
- Work schedules and availability to care for children
- The historical caregiving by each parent
- Both parents and the child's medical issues
- Any other issue the Court believes is necessary to best promote the interests and welfare of the child
Parents often state that determining child custody is the most stressful part of family law separation. Here at Miller Cushing Holladay, our legal team of Charlotte child custody lawyers knows what can be asked when child custody is decided. We want to listen to your situation and assist you in deciding the best course of action for a successful outcome in the best interests of you and your child.
Make sure you have an experienced family law attorney backing you during child custody proceedings. Call 704-810-1400 today for a private consultation with our Charlotte child custody lawyers serving Mecklenburg County.
In a North Carolina child custody case, we generally refer to two different types of child custody:
- Legal Child Custody – Legal child custody is the decision-making power of each parent to decide long-term issues for a child such as where the child goes to school, what doctors they see and what medical treatment they may receive, what religion they will be taught, and any other matters of lasting significance.
- Physical Child Custody – Physical child custody is just what it sounds like–where the child is physically located each night. Most child custody arrangements are considered joint custody, even if one parent has substantially more time with a child than the other. Several years ago, the North Carolina court began referring to most custody arrangements as “joint custody” and instead identifying a “primary” custodial parent and a “secondary” custodial parent.
Understanding the Different Types of Child Custody
When it comes to child custody, it's important to understand the different types of custody arrangements that can be made. In North Carolina, there are two main types of custody: physical custody and legal custody.
Physical custody refers to where the child resides and spends their time. It can be awarded solely to one parent (sole physical custody) or shared between both parents (joint physical custody). Legal custody, on the other hand, refers to the right and responsibility to make important decisions regarding the child's upbringing, such as education, healthcare, and religion. It can also be awarded solely to one parent (sole legal custody) or shared between both parents (joint legal custody).
It's important to note that custody arrangements can be customized to fit the unique needs and circumstances of each family. Our experienced child custody attorneys at Miller Cushing Holladay PLLC can help you navigate the complexities of child custody laws in North Carolina and work towards achieving the best possible outcome for you and your child.
Understanding Visitation Rights in Child Custody Cases
When going through a child custody case, it's important to understand the concept of visitation rights. Visitation rights refer to the non-custodial parent's right to spend time with their child. These rights are typically granted by the court and can vary depending on the specific circumstances of the case.
Here are some key points to know about visitation rights:
- Scheduled visitation: In most cases, visitation rights are scheduled according to a specific visitation schedule. This schedule outlines when the non-custodial parent can spend time with the child, including weekends, holidays, and vacations.
- Supervised visitation: In certain situations, the court may order supervised visitation. This means that the non-custodial parent can only spend time with the child under the supervision of a designated third party, such as a family member or a professional supervisor.
- Modification of visitation rights: Visitation rights can be modified if there is a significant change in circumstances, such as a relocation or a change in the child's best interests. It's important to work with an experienced child custody attorney to navigate the process of modifying visitation rights.
- Enforcement of visitation rights: If the custodial parent is not complying with the visitation schedule, the non-custodial parent can seek enforcement through the court. This may involve filing a motion for contempt or requesting a modification of the custody order.
At Miller Cushing Holladay PLLC, our experienced child custody attorneys understand the complexities of visitation rights and can provide guidance and representation throughout the process. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about your rights and options in child custody cases.
Emergency Child Custody in Charlotte
In certain cases, parents may seek an expedited determination of child custody. When there is a substantial risk of bodily harm or sexual abuse to a child or substantial risk a child will be abducted or removed from North Carolina to evade the Court’s jurisdiction, a parent may seek emergency child custody. Emergency child custody is awarded only in rare situations in which there is concrete danger to the child.
Where there is not an emergency but an expedited child custody decision is warranted, parents may seek a temporary parenting arrangement hearing. In situations of parental relocation, repeated “snatching” of a child, or drug or alcohol abuse issues by a parent, the Court may conduct a brief hearing to enter a temporary child custody order.
When Can I Modify Child Custody?
Under North Carolina law, the Court has jurisdiction over all minor children until they reach age 18. Because the Court must act in the “best interests” of the minor child, the Court always has the ability to modify child custody. Often, custody orders are labeled “permanent”, but the Court never loses the power to change that order as long as your child is still a minor.
To modify child custody, the Court must find there has been a substantial change in circumstances affecting the minor child since the entry of the prior court order. Some examples of a substantial change are changes in a parent’s work schedule or living arrangement, interference by one parent with the visitation schedule, or changes in your child’s educational or medical needs.
NC Custody Laws for Fathers
Does NC Favor Mothers in Custody Cases?
No, North Carolina has abolished any presumption over the mother or father. Instead, remember that the courts in NC must use the child's best interest in determining custody. If neither parent is deemed “unfit” for custody, then the courts will not automatically favor one parent over the other due to gender.
If the father and mother are not married, then the father’s paternity will need to be established. This can be done through an Affidavit of Parentage form that both parents sign, or legal action can be taken to establish paternity with genetic testing.
What Makes a Parent Unfit in NC?
A legal definition of an unfit parent in NC is when the parent, through their behavior, fails to provide proper guidance, care, or support for their child. In addition, if there are abuse, neglect, or substance abuse issues, that parent will be considered unfit.
What Age Can a Child in NC Decide Which Parent to Live With?
There is no age for a child to decide which parent to live with in NC. But unfortunately, divorce requires many determinations, and none is more important than child custody issues in NC.
If you're looking for more help on a future or impending child custody case, feel free to contact our Charlotte child custody lawyers serving Mecklenburg County today at (704) 810-1400.
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